Gastrointestinal disorders

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  • 1. Mouth and oesophagus

    The first step in the digestive process takes place in the mouth. The teeth chew up the food into smaller pieces, which are then thoroughly mixed with saliva to form a mixture called chyme. This action breaks down carbohydrates already present in the food into smaller constituents. After swallowing, the mixture passes along the oesophagus (approx. 25-30 cm long) into the stomach.

  • 2. Digestion in the stomach

    In the next step, the chewed up food is mixed with gastric acid in the stomach and broken down even more until it becomes a liquid. At the same time, most pathogens and bacteria that may have been ingested along with the food are destroyed by the gastric acid. Special enzymes are released which start the digestion of proteins in the stomach.

  • 3. Digestion in the small intestine

    It is in the small intestine where the absorption of nutrients takes place. The first part of the small intestine is the duodenum (23-28cm long). Here, vital constituents in the mixture, now called the chime, are further broken down into the tiniest particles - until only a few individual molecules remain. Fats are converted into fatty acids, proteins become amino acids and carbohydrates turn into glucose.

    The mucous membrane of the small intestine allows nutrients to pass into the blood stream, which distributes them to the various organs. What remains is only the indigestible material and liquid.

  • 4. Digestion in the large intestine

    The last part of the digestive process takes place in the large intestine where the undigested food remains. Here, any vital liquid and any remaining electrolytes are absorbed by the body. The indigestible residue is passed on to the rectum as a firm stool.

    Maintaining the natural balance in the large intestine is important for your health and well-being.

  • 5. Excretion in the rectum

    In normal circumstances, water absorption reduces the volume of the content in the intestine. The stool remains in the rectum until its volume reaches a critical point. At that time, receptors in the intestine are activated, triggering a bowel movement.

    Constipation occurs when too much liquid has been extracted from the content of the intestine. The stool is too dry and hard, making normal excretion difficult.

    MICROLAX® acts locally in the rectum. It softens a hardened stool, increases its volume and creates the urge to evacuate, generally only 5 to 15 minutes after use. Because of this, MICROLAX® has no negative impact on the digestive tract and the natural intestinal flora.

How the human digestive system works

The intestine extends from the stomach exit to the anus for some 8.5m. Its enormous length is important because the body must extract vital nutrients and water from the ingested food during its passage. The digestive process takes time and ideally should not be interfered with so as to maintain the healthy balance and absorption of nutrients.

Suffering from constipation?

Suffering from constipation? MICROLAX® helps fast!

What are the causes of constipation?

What are the causes of constipation?

MICROLAX® provides relief in 5-15min

MICROLAX® provides relief in 5-15min